The cosmetic technologies include the following basic procedures:
– Laser hair removal;
– Botox cosmetic;
– Oxygen Facial;
– Permanent Cosmetic Make up;
– Deep Pore Cleansing Facial;
– Body Treatments;
We give a brief description of each of these procedures.
Laser hair removal.
The three stages of the hair growth at any given time: Anagen, Catagen or Telogen, Telogen, Return to Analgen.
The laser treatments are most effective when hair is in the active or anagen phase when melanin, the target of the laser light is abundant.
Hair removal lasers have been in use since 1997. Laser hair removal is the process of permanent hair reduction, which is considered long-term, stable reduction in the number of hairs that regrow once the process has been completed. The efficacy of laser hair removal is now generally accepted in the dermatology community, and laser hair removal is widely practiced in clinics.
The primary principle behind laser hair removal is Selective Photothermolysis (SPTL), the matching of a specific wavelength of light and pulse duration to obtain optimal effect on a targeted tissue with minimal effect on surrounding tissue.
Lasers can cause localized damage by selectively heating dark target matter, melanin, in the area that causes hair growth, the follicle, while not heating the rest of the skin. Light is absorbed by dark objects, so laser energy can be absorbed by dark material in the skin, but with much more speed and intensity. This dark target matter, or chromophore, can be naturally-occurring or artificially introduced.
“Permanent” hair reduction is defined as the long-term, stable reduction in the number of hairs regrowing after a treatment regime. Indeed, many patients experience complete regrowth of hair on their treated areas in the years following their last treatment. This means that although laser treatments with these devices will permanently reduce the total number of body hairs, they will not result in a permanent removal of all hair.
Microdermabrasion, also referred to as mechanical exfoliation or micro-resurfacing, is a cosmetic technique that uses a mechanical medium for exfoliation along with adjustable suction to remove the outermost layer of dead skin cells from the epidermis. It is a non-invasive procedure, which is performed in-office by a trained skin care professional. The first microdermabrasion unit was developed in Italy in 1985, using small inert aluminium oxide crystals to abrade the skin.
Human skin sloughs off at a slower rate with age, so proponents of the technique claim the exfoliation of several layers of the stratum corneum can lead to generally more youthful appearing skin.
The skin is made up of two main layers, the epidermis and the dermis. The epidermis is the layer closest to the outside world. It’s a set of dead skin cells on top of another layer of cells that are in the process of maturing. The topmost layer is called the stratum corneum. The stratum corneum mostly acts as a barrier between the outside world and the lower skin layers. It keeps all but the smallest molecules from getting through.
When you put lotions or creams on the skin, some of the moisture passes through the stratum corneum, but not all of it. This layer is home to many minor skin imperfections like fine wrinkle lines and blemishes.
All of the action in microdermabrasion takes place at the level of the stratum corneum. Since it only really targets the epidermis (and not the dermis), it is more accurate to call it micro-epi-dermabrasion. Affecting deeper layers of skin would be painful and harmful, and it would risk permanently embedding the tiny grains into the skin. Microdermabrasion may be performed to decrease the appearance of superficial hyperpigmentation, photo-damage, diminish fine lines, wrinkles, and shallow acne scars. Removing the dead skin will aid in the penetration of skin care products by up to 50% and make-up will go on much more smoothly.
Botox works by blocking the acetylcholine receptors on the muscle side of the junction. Then when the nerve sends a signal to the muscle to contract, acetylcholine is released as before, but it can’t bind anywhere on the muscle. The muscle has no idea it is supposed to contract. It is essentially paralyzed, but not because it or the nerve have been damaged.
This acetylcholine blockade is not reversible and begins within 48 hours. The clinical effects of a Botox injection become noticeable between 5-10 days. Over the next 3-5 months the muscle gradually develops new receptor sites and is able to contract again.
Botox Cosmetic is a prescription medicine that is injected into muscles and used to improve the look of moderate to severe frown lines between the eyebrows (glabellar lines) in people 18 to 65 years of age for a short period of time (temporary). Botox Cosmetic injections are among the most popular anti-aging treatments.
Botox Cosmetic is a proven, internationally recognized, non-surgical treatment that targets unwanted wrinkles and creases between the eyebrows. Botox Cosmetic is the perfect solution for anyone looking for a safe, quick, and affordable means of removing those pesky laugh lines, forehead creases, and other premature facial wrinkles.
An oxygen facial delivers a mixture of hyperbaric oxygen, or pure oxygen at a high pressure, and anti-aging serum through an airbrush to the face and body. It’s almost as though someone is using a tiny power washer to pump oxygen and moisturizer into the skin. People who use oxygen facials say the process helps makeup application because it gives the skin a smooth and moisturized surface. Makeup also can be applied right after the oxygen facial, as opposed to traditional facials, which often require a 12-hour waiting period before you can apply any makeup.
Permanent Cosmetic Make up.
Intradermal pigmentation, commonly known as Permanent Makeup, is a revolutionary method of applying micro insertions of natural pigments into the dermal layer of the skin. This stat of the art technique is medically proven and specifically designed to be completely safe.
Intradermal Pigmentation is used for a variety of permanent cosmetic enhancements such as permanent eyebrows, eye liner and lip liner/color. Other permanent cosmetic procedures include vitiligo, stretch mark and scar camouflage, areola restoration, hairline enhancement and more.
Permanent Makeup for the lip color is beautiful. It can appear to change the size and shape of the lips as well as the color. For the eyebrows, it can mimic the appearance of hair in the brow line. For those on the go this procedure is a real time saver and without those embarrassing moments where you might wipe them off. Eyeliner can vary from a subtle, natural lash look applied directly on the lash line. A popular treatment with both male and female clients. Or, a shadowing of color can be added for a bolder look. Or, a definite line can be achieved. Ophthalmologists recommend intra-dermal pigmentation for those who are allergic to conventional makeup and for those wearing contact lenses.
It is virtually pain free with minimal or no side effects. Procedures vary in time and your perfecting touch-up treatment is included.
Red Light Facial Treatment.
Red Facial Light Therapy is a relatively new rejuvenating therapeutic skin care treatment that delivers precise dosages of energy to the skin and works simultaneously to repair collagen in the dermis (the deepest layer of the skin), while gently erasing signs of aging in the epidermis (top layer of skin).
Red Light Therapy is a very gentle, non-invasive procedure, that only treats the needed areas while leaving the surrounding tissues unharmed.
These approaches to skin renewal rely on high-powered coherent light to create heat energy which can result in thermal injury to tissues. LED’s signal the body to naturally convert light energy into cell energy without causing undue damage or discomfort. Specific wavelengths stimulate specific responses in the body. Red wavelengths and certain infrared (non-visible) wavelengths increase cellular activity at the dermal level by targeting underlying hemoglobin.
Red light anti-aging skin care therapy is used to treat all signs of aging, such as: fine, medium and deep lines and loss of elasticity.
NASA’s research concluded that frequencies of light could actually cause new cell growth. When applied for the treatment of aging—such as sun damage, broken capillaries, wrinkles, and fine lines—the new cell growth greatly diminished and improved these signs.
Deep Pore Cleansing Facial.
Deep pore cleansing facials are most commonly known as “traditional facials” because they include cleansing, steam, extractions, facial massage and facial masks. This treatment targets specific problems, such as breakouts, dehydration, fine lines and many other skin problems. After this treatment, the skin will be glowing and clean. This facial treatment is best for anyone with imperfect skin.
Deep pore facials are beneficial in facial rejuvenation. Your Aesthetician will help to nourish your skin by stimulating blood circulation. Blood helps to stimulate oxygen to flow and remove toxins by ridding the skin of impurities. The muscle fibers will be strengthened, toned and tightened by facial massage techniques. This technique helps to slow the aging process and minimize signs of aging, such as fine lines and wrinkles.
Deep pore facial treatments are tailored to each client’s need. There are a variety of skin care conditions and needs and certain products benefit different skin conditions. Facial cleansing begins with either a facial scrub, gentle cleanser that contains AHAs, BHAs or a mild facial exfoliant. Once the skin is cleansed, the Aesthetician begins the exfoliation process. Exfoliation products include Enzymes, which are natural fruit extracts to dissolve the top layer of skin cells. Enzymes which are most common in facial exfoliation are activated by steam. Steam helps to open the pores and relax the client as well. Most enzymes are professional products only and cannot be sold or obtained by the general public.
Body treatments are essentially a facial for your whole body and leave your skin feeling velvety smooth and soft. The idea behind a body treatment is that is just as important to cleanse, exfoliate, and hydrate the skin on your body as it is the skin of your face.
The most popular body treatment is a body scrub, sometimes called a body polish, salt glow or sea-salt scrub. This is an exfoliating treatment that takes place on a massage table covered with a sheet and a large, thin piece of plastic.
Sclerotherapy is a medical procedure used to treat varicose veins and “spider veins.” During sclerotherapy, the physician injects a solution directly into the affected vein. The solution irritates the lining of the vessel, causing it to swell and stick together. Over time, the vessel turns into scar tissue that fades from view. Sclerotherapy is a well-proven procedure and has been used since the 1930s
Sclerotherapy works well for most patients. It is estimated that as many as 50 percent to 80 percent of injected veins may be eliminated with each injection session. A few (less than 10 percent) of the people who have sclerotherapy do not respond to the injections at all. In these instances, different solutions or a different method, such as laser therapy, may be tried.
In general, spider veins respond to treatment in 3 to 6 weeks, and larger veins respond in 3 to 4 months. If the veins respond to the treatment, usually they will not reappear. However, new veins may appear over time. If needed, you may return for injections.
Acupuncture is an alternative medicine that treats patients by insertion and manipulation of needles in the body. Acupuncture typically incorporates traditional Chinese medicine as an integral part of its practice and theory.
Its proponents variously claim that it relieves pain, treats infertility, treats disease, prevents disease, or promotes general health.
A new study of mice shows that insertion of an acupuncture needle activates nearby pain-suppressing receptors.